What is MBBS?

An MBBS degree is an undergraduate course for aspirants who want to fulfil their dream of becoming a doctor. Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS), is a professional degree in medical science. A person holding the MBBS degree becomes a certified medical practitioner. The duration of MBBS course is five years and six months including one year of rotational internship at hospitals, health centres, and health camps organised by non-profit organisations (NGOs). MBBS course syllabus includes studies on anatomy, pharmacology, pathology as well as community health & medicine, paediatrics, and surgery. The syllabus, prescribed in such a way that MBBS degree holders can choose a specialisation for further majoring and practising medicine. The career specialisations for MBBS students are Nephrology, Cardiology, Gynecology, Anesthesiology, Organ Transplant, Endocrine, and General Surgery, etc.

What are the career options after MBBS?

During one year of the MBBS internship, students can work with hospitals and healthcare centres as consultants, physicians, medical assistants in critical care units, among others. They can also work in health campaigns by the government and help the public with awareness about diseases, medicines, health and fitness through conferences.
On completion of the MBBS internship, the students can get themselves registered as doctors with the Medical Council of India (MCI). They can either apply for a post-graduate degree in medical science i.e. MD/MS or continue working in the health sector as qualified doctors.
While pursuing further education in medical science, an MBBS-degree holder can also associate with pharmaceuticals as research associates. Moreover, the option for taking Combined Medical Services Examination is always open for an MBBS graduate. They can be employed with the central government organisations, including hospitals, defence sector, railways, and with the local/state government.

What are the required skills for MBBS?

Every medical and health sciences practitioner must have the required skills:

Ability to work in a critical and dynamic environment Professional commitments and medical ethics
Desire for knowledge and learning new research Scientific research and development skills
Sharp memory and prompt approach Communication interpersonal skills
Counselling and caring skills Approachable and empathetic skills
Medical writing skills Patience and perseverance

Eligibility for MBBS Degree

  • Candidates must have passed Class XII/higher secondary/pre-university qualifying examination with Science subjects i.e. Physics, Chemistry and Zoology/Botany. They also must have studied English as the main subject for their qualifying examination.
  • Moreover, candidates also need to fulfil the age limit criteria i.e. they must have completed 17 years of age at the time of admissions.
  • There are additional eligibility conditions as mentioned by the regulatory authorities for MBBS i.e. Medical Council of India (MCI).

Subjects in MBBS

In MBBS course curriculum, aspiring doctors not only learn about everything in and around medical and healthcare industry, but they also learn the ethical practices, get to intern with hospitals and volunteering projects. Check table below for subjects in MBBS course:

Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) Syllabus

Anatomy Dermatology & Venereology
Biochemistry Medicine
Physiology Obstetrics & Gynecology
Forensic Medicine & Toxicology Ophthalmology
Microbiology Orthopaedics
Pathology Otorhinolaryngology
Pharmacology Paediatrics
Anesthesiology Psychiatry
Community Medicine Surgery

MBBS Entrance Exams

For admission to MBBS course in India, a student needs to appear for the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET). This is the only entrance test for admission to MBBS course and is accepted by both government and private institutions. 

Two other major entrance tests for admission to MBBS course in India were JIPMER MBBS Exam and AIIMS MBBS Exam. However, these examinations were scrapped in 2019 making NEET the most important medical entrance test in India.

MBBS Scope, Top Companies/Employers & Salary

  • General Physician: MBBS degree holders can start their career as a general physician, who studies, diagnosis, cures illnesses of patients. Commonly, a physician treats illnesses at primary stages, and if after diagnosis the disease is critical then the patient referred to a relevant medical practitioner. The average salary offered to a general physician is Rs 4-5 lakh per annum*.
  • Paediatrician: A medical practitioner who specialises in the treatment of illness in children and examine their general growth and development. A paediatrician heals children right from their time of birth to their adolescence and even later. They help in early diagnosis of illnesses in developing children, guide parents on food and allergies to children. The practitioner provides preventive care, helps in the growth and development of children with special needs and monitoring side effects and allergies of medicines. The starting salary offered to a paediatrician is over Rs. 4.5 lakh per annum.
  • Medical Assistant (Surgery): Starting a career as a medical assistant in specialisation such as cardiology, dermatology, oncology, nephrology, neurology, gynaecology, ophthalmology is a good option to learn about performing surgeries on patients. Further to study, diagnose and treat patients with modern surgical techniques as per their medical speciality. Over the years, with modern science and technology, there have been medical achievements by renowned surgeons, which means this profession is entirely based on continuous learning and practising. The average salary offered to a medical assistant is Rs. 3-4 lakh per annum.

*Source: Payscale.com 

Top Recruiters

The top recruiters for MBBS degree holders are majorly Hospitals, Medical Research Centres, and Pharmaceuticals, etc. The list of recruiters for MBBS degree are:

  • Medanta Hospitals
  • Fortis Healthcare Ltd
  • Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd
  • Apollo Munich Health Industries Co Ltd
  • Sri Ganga Ram Hospital
  • Lilavati Hospital and Research Centre
  • Wockhardt Ltd
  • Apollo Hospitals Enterprises Ltd
  • Cipla Ltd
  • Religare Health Insurance Company Ltd